The Basics of Baseball


Baseball is a game in which two teams of nine players compete against each other. Each team takes turns batting and fielding during nine innings of play. The team with the most points at the end of nine innings is declared the winner. Extra innings are played if the game ends in a tie. The game is played with two bases – first base and second base. The fielding team has three players at each position, and a third baseman is also required. There are three outfielders, one on each team, in left field and centre field.

In 1888, a renowned touring group of baseball players marketed four baseballs – one for boys, one for adults, and eight for regulation – for four cents to $1. The balls are made of two hemispherical shells of black rubber, which are molded to a sphere of cork-covered rubber. The two openings between the two shells are sealed with red rubber gaskets. In recent years, the ball has been made with a smoother surface.

If the batter hits a foul ball, the pitch is considered a strike. The batter must be able to make contact with the ball in the strike zone, which is the area directly above and below the hitter’s knee. If the batter hits the ball, however, he is out. Unless the ball is caught by the fielder in the air, a strike is a strike. Otherwise, the batter is out. But there are exceptions to this rule.

There are four types of strike in a game of baseball. First, there is the “fair ball” where the batter is hit by a baseball without touching his bat. The second type of strike is called a strike when the ball hits the batter and reaches beyond the playing field. The third type of strike is when a batter hits a ball without touching the bat. A third strike is a ball that skips over the catcher’s head and beats the throw to first base.

The objective of the game is to score as many runs as possible. Once a hitter reaches first base, he becomes a base runner. Once he touches home plate, he scores a run. A baseball game requires a team to take turns batting and fielding. One turn batting for each team constitutes one inning. This is because a batter will be sent up one player at a time to the plate to hit the ball.

A catcher is another position that is crucial in baseball. A catcher waits behind the batter and catches balls that are not hit. The catcher uses signals to tell the pitcher where to throw the ball. If the catcher agrees with the pitcher, he will nod his head. If the pitcher disagrees with the catcher’s signal, he will shake his head and throw a different pitch. This way, the team will be able to get the winning run.