The Basics of Football


Football is a team sport played in which players play on both sides of the field. The offense attempts to run with the ball or pass it forward toward the opponent’s end zone while the defense tries to stop the offense from advancing the ball. Kickers and punters are also part of the team. A team may keep a player to return kickoffs.

Fans of football often form rivalries with other supporters of opposing teams. Some of these fans may live in the same city, while others may live in a different city. In any case, a football game can provide a fun and social environment. People can watch the game at home or in a bar, and cheer their team on.

One of the most important goals in football is to score a touchdown. A touchdown is scored when a player carries the football across the opponent’s goal line. In the NFL, a touchdown is scored when the ball crosses the goal line. The touchdown is worth six points, and the team that scores a touchdown is given a bonus to get an extra point. Extra-point attempts are scored when a team reaches a certain number of points.

Each team is given four downs. If they fail to move 10 yards within four downs, they turn the ball over to the defense, and must start the game over. The game is then decided by the team that scores more points or scores first. If this does not happen, the game is referred to as a tie.

Infractions of rules result in penalties. Most penalties move the football away from the opponent’s endzone and towards the offensive unit. In addition, some penalties increase the number of yards before the offensive team is allowed to get the first down. A fumble is also a foul. An illegal block in the back is a deliberate push of an opposing player into the back of the opponent.

Field goals are another way to score points in a football game. A field goal is worth three points and is attempted when the team’s special teams’ kicker is in a position to make the kick. A team can also pick up two points by tackling their opponent in the end zone, which is called a safety.

In 1935, the NFL changed the football’s shape to make it smaller and thinner. In this new shape, the air volume of the ball increased to 12.5 to 13.5 psi, allowing quarterbacks to throw longer passes. This shortened shape has also made the ball easier to pass and push down the field.

American football, sometimes referred to as gridiron, is a sport played between two teams of eleven players. The object is to move the football to the opponent’s end zone using a variety of means, including running, passing, and even kicking. Ultimately, the team with the most points at the end of the game is the winner.