The Basics of Football


Football is a sport that is extremely popular in the United States. The players play a game around once a week, and it requires a lot of preparation and physical exertion on the players. They have several days between games, and fans obsess about their team’s performance. There are many different types of football games.

The main objective of football is to move the ball into the opposing team’s end zone, and to score points for the team. A team has four downs, and if they successfully move the ball 10 yards, they have a first down. If they do not make a first down or a second down, they forfeit possession of the ball.

Although the game is arguably thousands of years old, it has only recently gained widespread popularity and international recognition. It made its Olympic debut in the London Games in 1908, and has been played at every Summer Games since. Over the 20th century, the FIFA organization strengthened its influence and regulated competition, becoming the world’s largest association of sports. In 1961, Guinea became FIFA’s 100th member, and as of the beginning of the 21st century, there were more than 200 member countries.

The goal of the game is to score more points than your opponent in the 90 minutes of play. During the game, teams alternate between two 45-minute halves, with a fifteen-minute half-time in between. If the teams fail to score in both halves, injury time is added. As the game progresses, the teams can choose to kick extra points or try for a PAT conversion.

Football has many rules. The first rule is that each team can only play 11 players on the field. Any more than this will result in penalties. This rule is in place so that the teams can easily transition from position to position. In addition, teams have unlimited substitutions, but they can only enter the field after the play has halted.

American football is a collision game, and the goal is to score more points than your opponent. This is achieved by moving the ball forward 10 yards. The game is played on a four-sided field with goalposts on each end. In addition to the offensive team, there is a defensive team and special teams.

A touchdown is one of the most important goals in football. The ball has to cross the opponent’s goal line or be caught in the end zone to score a touchdown. A touchdown is worth six points. If the ball crosses the goal line, the team will also be awarded an extra point. If the opponent is not in the end zone, the team may opt for a field goal.

In the nineteenth century, the sport developed closely with the industrialization and urbanization of the UK. The new working-class residents of the cities sought new forms of entertainment. Many of them had free time on Saturday afternoons, so they began playing a new game, football. A number of important urban institutions organized teams of working-class players, which grew in popularity.