The Basics of Football


Football is an Olympic sport and has been played in each Summer Games since 1908. The game is a team sport, usually with 45 or 50 players carrying the ball. It’s also a physical exercise that helps improve cardiovascular health.

To play football, you’ll need a lot of practice and strength training. Getting into shape is important, as it will help you prevent injury. If you’re interested in playing this sport, you may want to enroll in a youth league or high school. You’ll be able to learn the basics of the game and see how it’s played.

Football plays usually end in a touchdown, which is when the ball is caught in the end zone. The offensive team gets six points for this achievement. Occasionally, teams try to score two extra points by running into the end zone. Alternatively, the team can kick a field goal. In the National Football League (NFL), a touchdown conversion is attempted at the opponent’s two-yard line.

A turnover is when the team’s offensive player loses the ball and is tackled by the other team. An incomplete pass is also a turnover, as the ball is returned to the team’s original line of scrimmage. Another type of turnover is when the opposing team tackles the offensive ballcarrier in the end zone or forces the ball out of bounds.

Usually, the offensive unit starts with the quarterback. The quarterback will usually throw the ball to a running back or a teammate. Other players are in charge of catching the ball, such as a wide receiver. Some players can also blitz the quarterback, which involves rushing him. These players often cover other receivers or the offensive line.

If a player makes an illegal tackle, he or she will be penalized. Pass interference, which involves touching the opponent with the arm, is considered a penalty. Also, when a defensive player is offsides, which occurs when he or she is on the wrong side of the ball, he or she is called out. Lastly, an illegal block in the back is when the offensive player deliberately tries to push the opponent in his or her back.

Plays vary, but a team must make a 10 yard advance from the line of scrimmage on each of the four downs. On the fourth down, a team can attempt a field goal. However, a failed field goal moves the ball to the opponents’ 20-yard line. Depending on how the play goes, it may be advantageous for the offensive team to try a punt. This will force the defending team to start further up the field, giving the offensive team a better shot at the first down.

Once a team has made a down, they are allowed four more downs before a turnover occurs. Normally, this is referred to as a “turnover on downs.” When a team fails to move the ball 10 yards within the four downs, they must then turn over the ball to the other team.