The Basics of Football


Football is one of the most popular sports in the world. It is played between two teams on a large, rectangular field with a goal post at each end of the field. The aim of the game is to score more goals than the opposing team in a 90 minute period. Although there are a number of different variations, the rules have remained mostly the same since the game was first introduced.

A football field is 100 yards long by 160 feet wide. On each side of the field is a 10-yard end zone. There are also five-yard lines and hash marks. Each team is allowed eleven players on the field at any given time. Players are required to wear shin pads and protective gear.

The smallest ball used in football is a 58-61 cm diameter, circular shaped ball. The first Football association in England established a standardized size and weight of the ball. However, the game has been played with a variety of sizes, including balls that were made of shreds of leather filled with hair.

The game has evolved over the years, from a ball game that was played in Roman amphitheaters to a sport that is now viewed by 1.3 billion people around the world. During the nineteenth century, British colonization of other countries led to the expansion of the sport. In the late 19th century, 30,000 spectators would watch a big match.

When the ball is kicked out of play, the team with the ball can either kick it back into play or try to run it back as far as they can. If they do not, the other team gets a kickoff.

Another important feat is throwing the ball across the goal line. This feat is not always achieved, as the goalkeeper can only stop the ball with his hands in the restricted area around the goal post.

A team can also score a touchdown if the defense fails to tackle the offensive team in the end zone. Alternatively, the defense can also fumble the ball out of the end zone, allowing the offense to gain a touchdown. Alternatively, the defense can use a safety to tackle the offense in the end zone.

One of the simplest types of play is called “passing”. A player passes the ball from the quarterback to another player. Oftentimes, the ball is carried by a running back or a midfielder, whose job it is to carry the ball. At times, the quarterback will hand off the ball to a player on the opposite team.

Other forms of play include kicking the ball and dribbling it to the opposing team. These games are sometimes called “folk football” and are played by local customs. While the laws of the game do not define the specific positions of the players, they can be sorted by their relative size.

The most important feat in a football game is scoring a goal. To do this, the team must carry the ball across the opposition’s goal line. They can then either attempt to pass the ball into the opponents’ end zone or attempt to run it into the end zone.