The Rules of Football


Football is a team sport played on a wide, rectangular field that has an oval-shaped end zone. The goal is to advance the ball into the opponent’s end zone and score. The game can be played by two teams, each consisting of eleven players. The aim is to score more goals than the opponent in 90 minutes of play.

The game is governed internationally by the Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA). The World Cup is the world’s most widely watched international football competition. It is held every four years. It is also one of the most popular sports in the world, generating great passions in many parts of the globe.

Football is a highly impactful sport, which can be dangerous and harsh on the joints. A number of IFAB directives contribute to the regulation of the game. Wearing protective gear such as a helmet is recommended, as well as using the correct boots for the game.

The ball is typically a circular shape that weighs a little less than a pound. The diameter is generally around 58-61 cm. The ball is primarily used for striking or passing. The size of the ball is important for both protection and performance. The ball can be kicked, dribbled, or struck by a torso, head, or any other part of the body.

The game is played in a free-flowing fashion, with players vying for the ball. They take shots at the opponent’s goal post, and they pass it to teammates. The goal is to kick the ball into the opponent’s goal. The goal is scored when the ball crosses the goal line. The goal is guarded by a goalkeeper.

The game is divided into two 45-minute halves, with one team always on offense and the other team on defense. The players on each team are allowed to substitute, but there are a set maximum of eleven players on the field at any time. Each player is permitted three substitutions during the game.

The rules are set out in a series of seventeen laws. Each of these laws is designed to apply to all levels of football. However, some of the laws are modified for specific groups or players.

The players are required to wear proper protective gear such as helmets, shin pads, and knee braces. In addition, the game has a time limit. A team’s time limit is shortened if the player’s team has been unable to reach its first down line. A team that fails to reach its first down line is penalized, and will get the ball back. The offense may attempt a field goal after it has regained control of the ball, but it is not a scoring play.

The rules of the game are often framed in broad terms, though they do apply to all levels of football. A few special rules are in place, including the use of a “kick off” for punts and field goals, as well as a rule that says that a player can receive a red card if they are fouled while trying to play.